There will be very few hands which will go up when asked – ‘Who does not like mangoes?’. The juicy fruit’s botanical name is Mangifera Indica and can be found in various varieties as well as in colors ranging from green to yellow to red. The origin of cultivation of the mango echoes back to four thousand years in India. Famous Indian varieties are the Alphonso, Langra, Malda, Sindoori, Chausa and Dushehri. Well, it will take a little bit of patience, and you can enjoy the rich fruit in your home garden for some years.
Climate & Soil
The mango grows best in tropical as well as the sub-tropical climate where the temperature is normally greater than 40 degrees centigrade. The plant needs plenty of heat and sunlight to grow well and bear healthy fruits. It prefers free draining soil and can bloom well in soil with low fertility. Soil can be prepared by mulching it well with hay and fertilized by using manure, wood ash, and perlite. Freezing, freezing winters can be harmful to the plant.
How & when
You can choose whether you want to grow the plant from the seed or can alternatively buy a plant from the nursery. Also, it is better to know which variety you are growing since the mango tree takes at least seven to eight years to bear fruit when grown from the seedling and around three to five years when grown from the nursery plant. If you plan on growing from the seed, make sure that it is not old. The best time to plant seeds is just before the summer season. If you want to grow it from a 2-4 meter nursery plant, dig a hole in the soil which is three times as wide and deep as its pot/container.
Growth & Care
For germination, the seed will need a warm and moist environment, so it needs to be watered well in the first few years, i.e., twice a week is good enough. The plant should germinate from the seed in around ten days though it may take up to three weeks. Do not fertilize more than three times in a year that too in small quantities of organic fertilizer. Initially, a balanced fertilizer must be used with an equal proportion of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphate. However, when the plant blooms, it would need less of nitrogen and more of potassium and phosphate.